担忧疫情蔓延 美股五次“熔断”全球股市下跌(_pk10赛车信誉群
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担忧疫情蔓延 美股五次“熔断”全球股市下跌(

  为应对新冠肺炎疫情对经济的冲击,美联储15日宣布紧急下调基准利率1个百分点并再度启动量化宽松措施,但金融市场并未给予积极回应。纽约股市16日开盘暴跌并再次触发熔断机制,全球其他几大股市也出现下跌。

  尽管各国央行宣布协同努力缓解新冠肺炎疫情的影响,但全球股市仍然再次下跌。

  The Dow Jones index closed 12.9% down after President Donald Trump said the economy "may be" heading for recession.

  在美国总统唐纳德·特朗普称经济“可能”走向衰退后,道琼斯指数收盘下跌12.9%。

  London's FTSE 100 ended 4% lower, and other major European markets saw similar slides.

  伦敦富时100指数收盘时下跌4%,欧洲其他主要股市也出现了类似的下跌。

  On Sunday, the US Federal Reserve cut interest rates to almost zero and launched a $700 billion stimulus programme.

  上周日(3月15日),美联储将利率降至近零水准,并启动了7000亿美元(约合人民币4.89万亿元)的刺激计划。

  It was part of co-ordinated action announced alongside the eurozone, the UK, Japan, Canada, and Switzerland.

  这是与欧元区、英国、日本、加拿大和瑞士共同宣布的协调行动的一部分。

  Worries mounted that central banks' emergency measures over the weekend meant the economy is in much worse shape than previously believed.

  人们越来越担心,各国央行上周末采取的紧急措施意味着,经济状况比预想的要糟糕得多。

  However, investors are worried that central banks now have few options left to combat the impact of the pandemic.

  然而,投资者担心,各国央行目前已没有多少选择来应对新冠肺炎疫情的影响。

  The new governor of the Bank of England, Andrew Bailey, has pledged to take "prompt action again" when necessary to stop the damage to the economy from the coronavirus pandemic.

  英国央行新任行长安德鲁•贝利承诺,必要时将“再次迅速采取行动”,以阻止新冠肺炎疫情对经济造成损害。

  David Madden, a market analyst at CMC Markets, said that while central bankers were trying to calm the markets, "in reality it is having the opposite effect".

  盈丰财资市场的市场分析师戴维•马登表示,尽管各国央行试图安抚市场,但“实际上却产生了相反的效果”。

  "The radical measures have sent out a very worrying message to dealers, and that is why they are blindly dumping stocks."

  “这些激进措施向交易商发出的信息非常令人担忧,因此他们在盲目抛售股票。”

  In New York, steep falls as markets opened triggered another automatic halt to trading, which is meant to curb panic selling. Before last week, such halts, known as circuit breakers, had not been used in more than two decades.

  纽约股市开盘后大幅下跌,再次引发“熔断”,即为了遏制恐慌性抛售而自动暂停交易。在上周出现“熔断”之前,美国股市已有20多年没有出现过这种情况。

  【小知识:熔断机制是什么?】

  首先,熔断机制的英文是circuit breaker mechanism,其中,circuit breaker在电工学里就是断路器的意思。当电路中出现短路时,断路器会立即断开电路,保护负载的安全。

  ►The circuit breaker mechanism refers to measures adopted by stock exchanges to temporarily halt trading to avert panic selling after the stock index has fallen a certain percentage.

  熔断机制是指股指下跌一定比例后,证券交易所采取暂停交易以避免恐慌性抛售的措施。

  ►The circuit breaker mechanism aims to check abnormal prices wings.

  熔断机制的目的是遏制交易价格异常波动。

  业内人士表示,熔断机制可以给市场一个冷静期(cooling-off period),让投资者充分消化市场信息(market information),防止市场或某一产品非理性的大幅波动(fluctuations),特别防止市场大幅下跌甚至发生股灾(stock market crash),以维护市场的稳定。

  Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) near the close of trading in New York, US, March 12, 2020. [Photo/Agencies]But the sell-off continued after the 15-minute suspension, with the Dow losing nearly 3,000 points or 12.9%, its worst percentage drop since 1987.

  但在暂停交易15分钟后,股市继续出现抛售,道琼斯指数下跌近3000点,跌幅达12.9%,达到1987年以来的跌幅。

  The wider S&P 500 dropped 11.9%, while Nasdaq dropped 12.3%. All three indexes are now down more than 25% from their highs.

  标准普尔500指数下跌11.9%,纳斯达克指数下跌12.3%。三大股指目前都较高点下跌了超过25%。

  In London, firms in the travel sector saw big falls. Share in holiday firm Tui sank more than 27% after it said it would suspend the "majority" of its operations. BA-owner IAG fell more than 25% after it said it would cut its flight capacity by at least 75% in April and May.

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